Wednesday, April 11, 2012

Axium Malone as Presented in the Centennial History of the Town of Springdale, Dane County, Wisconsin, 1848-1948

Over the past few months, I have been posting articles from the Centennial History of the Town of Springdale, Dane County, Wisconsin, 1848-1948. Sometimes these articles are about my McPherson family, but many times not. Nevertheless, I continue to hope that these stories will bring forth more contacts, family, friends and history of my McPhersons and the town of Springdale,  and to, perhaps, provide a link for those who had family in Springdale during those early years in Springdale.

 It appears that Axium Malone and his family are in Springdale, Dane County, Wisconsin, by 1850, as a James Malone, 43,Tn; his wife Ruthe, 35, TN, and five children are listed on the Springdale Federal Census report for that year.  The ages and names of the children, and wife are consistent with later Census Reports for the Axium Malone family. (Children listed were: John, 13, TN; Harriote C, 10, IL; Lucinda J, 9, IL; Lavina A, 6, IL; and Mary E, 3, WI.)

By 1860, the family is found under the name Axium Malone.  He is 53 years old, and his wife is now listed as Rithy, age 46; the children are now listed as John L., 24; Jane, 17; Anne, 16; Emma, 11; Mathilda, 8; William, 7; and Ellen, 5.)

The 1870 Federal Census report shows that son John and his wife have taken over the farm, and Axium is listed as retired farmer, 65, AL.  The family unit also includes, Rithia, 55, AL; and the younger children, Emma, 21, WI, and a school teacher; Matilda, 18, WI, also a  school teacher; William, 17, WI, farm labor; and Ellen, 15, WI, at home.   Harriet, Jane and Anne are no longer in the home.

One curious thing about the 1880 Federal Census for Springdale: Rithia is listed as a 65 year old widow from TN, with son William A, the head of the household, and daughter Matilda, who is also still in the home.  However, family trees on Ancestry reflect that Axium died 25 June 1903.  A family note on a family tree also indicates that Axium Malone had a prosperous dairy farm of 180 Holstein cows and furnished fresh milk for the village.  The birth place for Axium and Rithia seem to change from Census to Census, sometimes listing TN as the birthplace, and sometimes Alabama.  I also saw an Arkansas listing from a family tree. 

My great-great grandfather James P. McPherson made several references to Malone in his diary.  Unfortunately, old J.P. didn't give a lot of details in his diary -- most likely he used it as a "calendar" of sorts, to put down weather patterns, seed plantings, breeding of animals, and notations regarding his work as Justice of the Peace and political offices.  In the early years, he faithfully wrote down whenever anyone visited, or if he went to visit  a friend or neighbor.  By the late 1850, he was apparently so busy that this kind of notation dropped off.  He wasn't a man who put down much in the way of personal feelings or doings, so these neighborly visits helped to fill in the spaces. 

According to the diary there weren't many folks in  Springdale during the early 1850s who had horses, so the chances are when they went visiting, it was quite often on foot -- or at least in the case of  J.P. and his family.  The distance between the McPherson and Malone farms was about 4 miles as the crow flies, and looks to be about 5 miles via the road.

After reading many years of the diary entries and seeing a pattern in his work as Justice of the Peace, I would hazard a guess that the entries between May 31, 1854 up to December 31, 1854 were all  related to the issuance of Writ of Attachment against young John Malone.  The following diary entries from contain references to Malone:

1851 Dec   9  Tues      Making Dunkles coat. Visit from Mr. Malone.
1852 Jul  10   Sat       Cutting hay.  Addressed letters for Mr. Malone.  Storm of thunder, lightening.  Wind  & rain towards. evening
1852 Jul  31   Sat       At Madison attending meeting of County Judicial Com with Messers Beard & Malone.
1852 Nov  2   Tues     At Election.  Stopt at Malone's all night.
1853 Apr  30  Sat       Plaiting straw forenoon; digging cellar afternoon.  Visited by Mr. Malone.
1854 May 31  Wed     Planted potatoes.  Had visit from Malone & George Wright.
1854 Aug   1  Tues     Issued writ of Attachment against John Malone.  Cutting & binding wheat.
1854 Dec  30  Fri       Sewing Wm. Raes Coat.  Visited by A. Malone.
1854 Dec  31  Sun      At Mr. Lamonts.  Visited by A. Malone.
1855 Feb   2   Fri       Killed hog weighed 120 lbs, assisted by Mr. Miles.  Writing for Malone.
1855 Feb   4  Sun       Visited by Mr & Mrs Lamont & Malone.

Axium Malone Family
as presented on page 112,
 Centennial History of the Town of Springdale,
 Dane County, Wisconsin, 1848-1948 

After Axium Malone came to Springdale he walked to Mineral Point to enter his 40 acres of land. When he got there he heard that his neighbor McCord had entered for the same land. McCord had traveled on horseback. Malone was depressed. At dinner he chatted with a lawyer and told him of his troubles. The lawyer asked: “Did McCord pay for the land he enter?” Malone jumped up and went out. McCord had not paid down for the land, so Malone paid for it and got it.
[Note: In the 1862 Springdale plat map,  A.Malone's land is shown to be a nice little parcel right on the Mt. Vernon Creek which is a branch of the Sugar river, about 2 miles  north east of Mt. Vernon.]

A Springdale pioneer was named for LaFayette, Oct 12, 1873, occurred at the Malone home in Springdale,the marriage celbration of Marquis de LaFayette Ashmore, farmer, of Arena, Wis., and Mary Emmeline Malone, daughter of Axium and Rithia Malone of Springdlae. Rev. Willliam Henry Brisbane, prominent educator and minister, then a missionary at Arena, officiated. Ashmore was born in Cole County, Ill., the son of Gideon and Polly Ashmore and the family had lived in Springdale, possibly coming north with the Malones.

The Malones belonged to the “poor white” class in the south, but had considerable enterprise to become pioneers and along many lins[??] talked intelligently and well. Axium Malone's mother was Ritha , or Rithia, Axium.[??] They came from Tennessee, and possibly earlier from Alabama, like the Drydens and Balches. They came in covered wagons, with ropes drawn through the wagon boxes and beds on them. They all chewed tobacco, men and women, and spit through their teeth into the fireplaces. At first they used cloths and rags in their windows and even for door latches.

The Malone and Foye Families, however, furnished a number of high class teachers for the country schools of their time and localities, chief among which were the well known Matilda Malone and Julia Foye.
( The above may be part of the "Interview Harvey Fargo, Oct. 5, 1939"
Note:Fargo, Malone, Dryden, Edi, and McCord are all neighbors. )

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 © Joan Hill, Roots'n'Leaves Publications

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